The most correct formula for calculating Break even revenue

In business, determining the break-even point is very important because it shows when you start a profitable business. So what is the break-even point? Calculation formula Break-even revenue how?

Find out through the content of the article below.

What is breakeven revenue?

Break-even revenue (Break even revenue) is the revenue at the breakeven level of output.

So what is the breakeven yield? Breakeven yield (Break even volume) is the production output of a business at which revenue is just enough to cover costs, including fixed and variable costs.

Break even revenue
Break even revenue

Criteria for determining break-even point

The break-even point is the point at which the total revenue just enough to cover the total costs, the business has no profit, no loss, and the profit is at 0.

Criteria for determining break-even point
Criteria for determining break-even point

The criteria for determining the break-even point include:

  • Break-even product output
  • Sales revenue at breakeven point
  • Time to break even

Formula to calculate breakeven revenue

Break-even revenue is calculated based on 2 specific cases as follows.

TH1: The enterprise produces only one type of product or one type of product

I have the formula

Income = Variable Cost + Fixed Cost + Profit

At the break-even point, the firm’s profit = 0

  • Revenue = Variable cost + Fixed cost
  • Qhv * p = v * Qhv + F
  • Qhv = F/ (p – v) (1)

Interpretation of formula (1) :

Break-even output = Total fixed cost / (Product selling price – Variable cost per unit)

  • Break-even revenue = Break-even volume x Unit selling price

Recipe calculate breakeven revenue This model is built on the concept that for every consumable good, a contribution balance (pv) must be distributed to cover it. Therefore, knowing the fixed cost and contribution margin of a good, it will be calculated:

Breakeven yield = Total fixed costs / Contribution margin

Qhv = F / Contribution margin per unit

When the contribution margin ratio is known, then:

Break-even income = Full fixed costs / contribution margin ratio

TH2: Enterprises produce many goods

In case of buying and selling many products and goods, each type will have a different price, so to determine the output and break-even revenue, it is necessary to calculate the relative according to the average criterion.

The steps to calculate breakeven revenue in this case include:

  • Step 1: Build % structure of consumable items.

Percentage of each product type i = (Sales of each product type i / Total sales) x 100%

  • Step 2: Build average % contribution balance of each product type i

Average fixed cost percentage = fixed cost ratio ix product structure ratio i

  • Step 3: Determine the overall breakeven income of the items in the following way:

Breakeven income = Total fixed costs / % of average contribution margin

  • Step 4: Define breakeven sales and breakeven output for each product item

Break-even revenue (i) = Break-even revenue (general) x % structure of each product item i

Break-even volume of item i = Break-even revenue (i) / Selling price of item i

What does breakeven point mean?

When it comes to the factors of cost – output – profit, the break-even point is an important content that every business is interested in.

We can consider the breakeven point graph as follows:

Breakeven point chart
Breakeven point chart

In there:

  • Y-axis represents revenue (OY)
  • X-axis represents activity level (OX)
  • The intersection point of the cost curve with the OY axis is the fixed cost
  • The break-even point is the intersection of the revenue and cost curves
  • Projecting the breakeven point down the X axis gives us the breakeven output
  • Projecting breakeven point to Y-axis, we get breakeven revenue
  • Values ​​X > Y breakeven profitable business
  • If X < Y breakeven, the business has a loss

The analysis of the distributed break-even point for managers helps them have a comprehensive view of the relationship between these three factors in the business operation process. That is what makes it clear:

  • At what level of output and revenue is the break-even point achieved?
  • The level of profit and loss of the business according to the cost structure, consumption volume, and generated income.
  • Income safety margin to reach a desired level of revenue. Evaluating the break-even point will enable managers to analyze the business process proactively and actively, clearly grasp the output level and how much income will break even in the period. purchase. From there, the business owner has a basis to rebuild the profit and loss area of ​​the company and find positive direction measures to increase production and sales with high efficiency.

What are the advantages of break-even analysis?

The assessment of break-even point is widely applied in production, business and trading activities, it has a number of important applications as follows:

  • Used to analyze revenue, budget of a project, a company.
  • Used in choosing investment plans for production and business
  • Enough resources to be used in researching, minimizing and minimizing risks of an enterprise or an investment project.

Specific example of how to calculate Breakeven Revenue

Example 1

With the data of Hung Thinh garment company (unit: 1,000 VND)

Targets total Calculate for one product

300,000 won

(calculated per 1,000 shirts)

Direct material cost 150,000 won 150
Direct labor costs 20,000 won 20
Variable manufacturing overhead 5,000 won 5
Total variable cost 175,000 won 175
Profit on variable cost 125,000 won 125
Fixed costs 37,000 won 37
Profit 88,000 won 88

From the data of Hung Thinh Garment Company, we will determine the breakeven revenue as follows:

Method 1:

Fixed cost = 37,000 (thousand VND)

Unit variable cost: 175 (thousand VND)

Profit per unit variable cost: lb = 125 (thousand dong)

We have: SLH = 37,000/125 = 296 (products)

Breakeven revenue will be: 296 x 300 = 88,800 (thousand VND)

Method 2:

Dth = 37,000 : 41.67% = 88,800 (thousand dong)

Example 2

Hung Thinh Garment Company produces three types of TH 10, TH 14, TH 20 products During the year the company sold 2,000 TH 10 products, 1,000 TH 14 products and 1,000 TH 20 products with the selling price of 200 respectively. (thousand dong), 300 (thousand dong) and 250 (thousand dong).

The company’s revenue, expense and business results for these three products are as follows:

Targets TH 10 TH 14 TH 20 total
1. Revenue (unit: 1,000 VND) 400,000 won

300,000 won

250,000 won

950,000 won

2. Variable charges

260,000 won

175,000 won

175,000 won

610,000 won

3. Profit on variable cost

140,000 won

125,000 won

75,000 won

340,000 won

4. Interest-to-variable cost ratio




5. Fixed fee 150,000 won
6. Profit 190,000 won

Profit of 190,000 (thousands of dong) as well as revenue of 950,000 (thousands of dong) for all three products. So with how much revenue will the company reach the break-even point, and at that point, what will be the output of each product?

The answer

Step 1: Determine the ratio of the revenue structure of the consumed items

Product TH 10: (400,000 : 950,000) x 100% = 42.1%

Product TH 14: (300,000 : 950,000) x 100% = 31.6%

Product TH 20: (250,000 : 950,000) x 100% = 26.3%

Step 2: Determine the average variable cost ratio of the items

Lb% = 340,000 : 950,000 = 35.79%

Step 3: Determine the overall breakeven revenue

Dth = 150,000: 35.79% = 419,118 (thousand VND)

Step 4: Determine breakeven sales and breakeven output for each item

Items Break-even revenue Price Breakeven yield
TH 10 419,118 x 42.1% = 176,471 200 883
TH 14 419,118 x 31.6% = 132.353

300 441
TH 20 419,118 x 26.3% = 110,294

250 441

Thus, to achieve breakeven, Hung Thinh Garment Company must be able to make sales for TH10, TH14, and TH20 products of 176,471, 132,353 and 110,294 thousand dong, respectively. In kind, there will be 883, 441 and 441 products, respectively.


Closing in business activities, determining the break-even point, break-even revenue is an important basis for enterprises to deploy business plans effectively.

Through the content of this article, lamchutaichinh helped you determine the meaning and formula to calculate the most accurate breakeven revenue.

Categorized as research

By Nguyen Manh Cuong

Nguyen Manh Cuong is the author and founder of the tvtoolsalterid blog. With over 14 years of experience in Online Marketing, he now runs a number of successful websites, and occasionally shares his experience & knowledge on this blog.

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